Category Archives: ANZAC

12/13th December 1916. Australians Embark from Folkestone. #FWW

The Canadians are remembered as embarking from Folkestone in the First World War. Less well known is Australians also embarked from Folkestone, as did Americans in Australian Service.

12th December 1916

Private 5792 George Frost, Australian Imperial Force, 18th Reinforcements 15th Battalion. Crossed from Folkestone on the SS Arundel. George was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA in 1876. A sailor he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on the 15th November 1915 at the Rifle Range, Queensland. Tried by Field General Courts Martial for Desertion on the 6th October 1917. He went absent while on active service on the 21st June 1917 until the 17th July 1917 and going AWOL while under arrest 17th August until the 20th August 1917. Found Not Guilty of Desertion, but Guilty of being Absent Without Leave. He is sentenced to 9 months Imprisonment with Hard Labour in the Military Prison at Rouen. George returns to duty on the remission of the remainder of his sentence on the 12th June 1918 and returns to the 15th Battalion on the 17th June 1918. Reported absent on the 21st July, rearrested 16th August, absent 28th August, traced 15th September, absent 30th September, and again reported absent 15th October. On the 14th January 1919, he is sentenced to 15 months Hard Labour. Some of the sentence is served at No.10 Military Prison Dunkirk. On the 23rd July 1919, he is transferred to prison in Oxford. He embarks at Calais on the “Maid of Orleans” and disembarks at Folkestone, under escort. The remainder of his sentence is remitted from the date of his departure for Australia, 22nd September 1919.

13th December 1916

A reinforcement draft from 6th Training Battalion Australian Imperial Force crossed on the S.S. Princess Henrietta

Private 4683 Walter Benjamin Brown, Ex 5th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. He crossed to France on the SS Golden Eagle. Part of 12th Reinforcements 17th Battalion Walter is taken on Strength by 17th Battalion on the 18th December 1916. Walter was born in Philadelphia, USA. He enlisted on the 29th of February 1916. Returned to Australia in June 1919.

Private (Acting Corporal?) 6006 James Digby Fowell, Ex 1st Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. 19th Reinforcements 2nd Battalion. Australian Imperial Force. James crossed on the SS Arundel. He arrived at the Australian Division Base Depot on the 14th and joined the 2nd Battalion in the Field on the 18th December.

Private 5322 Ivan Walker Drane, Ex 7th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of the 14th Reinforcements for the 25th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Drane sailed on the SS Victoria. Ivan is killed in action on the 20th September 1917.1 He is buried in Hooge Crater Cemetery, the inscription on his grave reads:
“LOYAL UNTO DEATH”

Private 5343 Crichton Ivie Gordon, Ex 7th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of the 14th Reinforcements for the 25th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Crichton sailed on the SS Victoria. Crichton Ivie Gordon died of wounds on the 16th April 1918.

Private 6062 Harry Robert McGuire, Australian Imperial Force, crossed on the SS Arundale. Part of 19th Reinforcements/1st Battalion. He arrived at 1st Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength of 1st Battalion in the Field on the 18th December. Harry Robert McGuire born in St Louis, USA, he enlisted when he was 45, on the 27th January 1916, in Cowra, New South Wales, Australia. Harry is admitted sick to hospital on the 18th April 1917. Invalided home to Australia suffering from Rheumatism and Age. On the 1st of May 1917.
Private 5643 John Henry Moore, Australian Imperial Force, crossed to Boulogne on the SS Princess Henrietta. Part of 15th Reinforcements/23rd Battalion he arrived at 2nd Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength by the 23rd Battalion on the 18th December. John born in Sacramento, California, USA. Enlisted in Melbourne Australia, on the 22nd April 1916, he was 44 years old. John survived the war.

December 4th. The Changing Face of Embarkations

On the 4th December 1915 a spy and a battalion embark

Marta Hari, Crossed to France on the SS Arundel

The 15th Service Battalion of the Welsh Regiment embark. including Private 20373 Joseph Thomas Walch, and Private 20198 John Whelan,

A year later it was mostly Drafts, Returning Wounded and Reinforcements.

4th December 1916

Private 1427 Romany Roy Gray, 3/1 Norfolk Yeomanry. Joined 17 Infantry Base Depot. Posted to the 7th Battalion Norfolk Regiment, allotted a new number 29660. Romany had first embarked to France on the 8th October 1915. Wounded in action he became a Prisoner of War in 1918.

Sergeant 29768 William Walker, Norfolk Regiment. A pre-war, William first enlisted in 1908. From 17 Infantry Base Depot William is posted to the 7th Battalion.
Private 34136 Arthur Westhead, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Posted to the 6th Battalion he joins them on the 12th.

Private 40974 Albert Arthur Wadhams, King’s Own Scottish Borderers. In April 1917 Albert is transferred to the 1st Dragoons.

Private 40975 James Adolphis Warrier, King’s Own Scottish Borderers. Arrived at 21 Infantry Base Depot the following day. Posted to the 9th Service Battalion, he joins them on the 13th January. Attached to the Sanitary Section on the 1st January 1917.

Sapper 2154 John Hunter Brown 8th Field Company Australian Engineers, Australian Imperial Force. He is returning to active service after being hospitalised because of wounds. John is discharged from the Australian Army as being medically unfit in 1919.

Private 2397 Wallace Roy Crichton Australian Imperial Force, ex 12th Training Battalion. Part of 5th Reinforcements 46th Battalion. He proceeds to Boulogne on the SS Princes Victoria. Captured by the Germans, he becomes a Prisoner of War on the 11th April 1917. Badly wounded, his right Leg is amputated. He is repatriated via Holland in January 1918.

Embarkations #Folkestone #FWW A few from May 1917

9th May 1917
Private 6970 Wallace Samuel Brook, Australian Imperial Force. Ex 4th Training Battalion, in the 23rd Reinforcements 14th Battalion. He joins 4th Australian Base Depot the next day and 14th Battalion on the 13th May.

Lance-Sergeant 1145 George Joseph Richard Brown M.M., 28th Infantry Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Returning to the front after being wounded. George joins the Australian General Base Depot the following day. Marched out to 3rd Australian Division Artillery, Rouillers, on the 2nd June. He is taken on Strength, Division Trench Mortars, 6th June. Transferred to, and taken on strength of 28th Infantry Battalion on the 10th August. George is killed in Action on the 4th October 1917. George was the son of George and Mary Brown, born in Concord, Northampshire, USA. He was married to Alice Oliver Brown who lived at, 129 Brighton Road, Surbiton. His Military Medal was Gazetted on the 27th October 1916:
“HIS MAJESTY THE KING has been graciously pleased to award the Military Medal for bravery in the Field to the undermentioned non-commissioned officer:- No. 1145 Corporal GEORGE JOSEPH RICHARD BROWN.”
George has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate.

Private 2611 Ernest Kingston, Australian Imperial Force,ex Infantry Draft Depot. Returning to France, he serve with 13th Light Trench Mortar Battery. Reported missing in action, later killed in action at Langemark on the 12th October 1917. Married on the to Agnes Kate on the 16th December 1916. He is buried in Dochy Farm New British Cemetery, Belgium. The epitaph on his grave reads,
“BEYOND THE WATERS OF DEATH THERE IS LIFE EVEN ETERNAL LIFE”.

Private 32610 James Walker, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Joined 25 Infantry Base Depot and posted to 8th Battalion Loyal North Lancashire Regiment for record purposes. On the 25th May he is transferred to the 7th Battalion Inneskilling Fusiliers and allocated the new Regimental Number 41224.

Private 202640 George Robert Wallace, 4th Reserve Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers. On his arrival in France he joins 32 Infantry Base Depot. On the 28th May he is posted to the 25th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers and joins them in the field on the 7th June.

Private 27505 Henry Walsh, 3rd Manchester Regiment. He joined 30 Infantry Base Depot the next day. On the 26th Henry is posted to the 17th Battalion Manchester’s and joins the Battalion in the Field the next day..

10th May 1917

Private 534580 William Wheldon Hughes. 1/15th London Regiment. Arrived at 8 Infantry Base Depot the following day. Posted to 2/6th London Regiment on the 1st June. Joins the Battalion in the Field on the 13th. Wounded in action on the 19th July.

Private 28862 Alfred Wakeling, Essex Regiment. Returning to France after recovering from illness Alfred arrives at 15 Infantry Base Depot on the 12th May. He is posted to the 13th Battalion in the field on the 3rd June 1917.

Private 54363 William Henry Walsham, Durham Light Infantry. He arrived at 35 Infantry Base Depot and is posted to 18th Battalion Durham Light Infantry. On the 24th May while still at 35 Infantry Base Depot William is transferred to the 6th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment.8

Lance-Corporal 22213 Albert Edward Webber, Suffolk Regiment. Albert had first crossed to France on the 5th June 1916 from Southampton. Wounded in action on the 28th June 1916 he is now returning to the front. Posted to the 2nd Battalion he joins them on the 4th June. Albert is awarded a Military Medal on the 28th June. This award is Gazetted on the 16th August.

11th May 1917

Private 619900 Henry Grant Labour Corps, joins 34 Infantry Base Depot on the 12th. He is posted to the 15th Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment and allotted a new number, 42133, on the 27th May.
14th May 1917

Private John Edward Fisher. Thought to have embarked as, 71785 14th Labour Company King’s Liverpool Regiment. Transferred on or shortly after arrival at Boulogne to the Labour Corps. His number is now 46952. On the 27th September he is transferred to the 25th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers and allotted a new number, 59097. Admitted to 20 Casualty Clearing Station on the 14th February 1918 with Inflamed Connective Tissue. He is transferred back to England on the Hospital Ship “Brighton” on the 21st.10

Private 36207 George Edwin Gray, Machine Gun Corps, joined Base Depot at Camiers the following day. Posted to 126 Company he joins them in the Field on the 13th June. George had previously served in France embarking from Folkestone on the 31st July 1916.11

Private 89216 Thomas Watkinson, Machine Gun Corps, joined Base Depot at Camiers the following day. He joined 35 Company Machine Gun Corps in the field on the 25th May.12

Private 63107 George Alfred Webster, Machine Gun Corps, joined Base Depot at Camiers the following day.13

Private 3156 Earle Nelson Gates14, ex 15th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Taken on Strength 57th Battalion ex 8th Reinforcements/57th Battalion. Born in Allegahanny City, Pennsylvania USA, enlisted in Broadmeadows, Victoria, Australia on the 17th October 1916.

Private 6948 Albert Fred Hass, ex 3rd Training Battalion, 10th Battalion. Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force. The son of Peter Heinrich Hass, of Peterborough, South Australia, and the late Lisette Hass (nee Lohmann). Born in Greenville, Wisconsin, U.S.A. He was killed in action between the 20th and 21st September, Aged 24. and has no known grave. His brother, Walter Theodor Hass also of the Australian Imperial Force was also killed in action and also has no known grave. Both are commemorated on the Menin Gate.

Private 6785 John Charles Marchant, ex 2nd Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, he arrived at 1st Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength by 7th Battalion ex 22nd Reserves/7th Battalion on the 28th May. He is killed in action on the 4th October 1917 during an attack on Broodsiende Ridge near Zonnebeke. It is believed that 1st Divisional Burial Party, buried him. His grave can not be found and he is commemorated on the Menin Gate. John’s widow Mrs. Q. U. M. Marchant, lived at 822, Prarie Avenue, Wilmette, Illinois, U.S.A.

Private 6808 Edgar Theodore Penhall, ex 3rd Training Battalion, 10th Battalion. Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force. Taken on Strength by 10th Battalion ex 22 Reinforcements on the 28th May 1917. Wounded in action Edgar will return to France again from Folkestone on the 24th April 1918.

Australians, Embarking from Folkestone. #FWW

I collect stories about the soldiers who embarked from Folkestone in the First World War. Some apart from their name I know nothing about. Others a wee bit more. All of these soldiers served in the Australian Imperial Force. All embarked at the Harbour Arm on the 25th April 1917. Some were killed in action. Some survived the war. Some have no known graves others have known graves. At least two could claim to be Americans by birth. One from San Francisco, the other from Colorado.

Private 4632 Roy Arthur, ex 8th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Part of 12th Reinforcements 30th Battalion. Marched into 5 Australian Division Base Depot on the 26th, and joined 30th Battalion in the Field on the 30th April.2

Private 2537 Arthur James Beal, ex 11th Training Battalion Australian Imperial Force, part of part of 5th reinforcement 43rd Battalion.3

Private 6286 James Jack Brown, ex 5th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 18th Reinforcements 20th Battalion. Joined 20th Battalion in the Field on the 2nd May 1917, and is killed in action on the 27th April 1918.4 James was the son of Emily Brown, Darling Street, Cowra, New South Wales, Australia, and George Brown. He was born in San Francisco, and is buried in Bouzincourt Ridge Cemetery, Albert. The inscription on his grave reads:
“IN MEMORY OF THE DEAR SON OF EMILY AND THE LATE GEORGE BROWN OF COWRA”

Private 2815 Mayo Carlton Clark, Australian Imperial Force, he arrives at 4th Australian Division Base Camp the following day. Taken on the strength of 4th Pioneer Battalion ex-6th Reinforcements/4th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, on the 16th May 1917. Mayo was born near Denver, Colorado, USA. Married to Jane Reid of New Zealand, his mother lived in Brisbane, Queensland Australia. He enlisted on the 10th January 1916 in Brisbane. Hospitalised in July 1918 suffering from Trench Fever.5

Private 2541 Charles Valentine Crichton, ex 10th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 5th Reinforcement 39th Battalion.6

Private 6977 David Maynard Crichton, Ex 2nd Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 23rd Reinforcements/8th Battalion.7

Private 3200 Charles David Cunningham, Ex 14th Training Battalion Australian Imperial Force. Arrived at 5 Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength 54th Battalion ex 8th Reinforcements on the 13th May. Wounded in action on the 17th October.8

Corporal 3055 Edward Grant, 54th Infantry Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Edward, was born in Willesden near London and emigrated to Australia before the outbreak of war. He enlisted in the 10th Reinforcement 2nd Battalion on the 6th July 1915. Taking his oath of allegiance on the 12th Grant was taken on strength 2nd Battalion from the 10th/2nd at Tel-el Kebir 5th February 1916. Transferred to the 54th Battalion eleven days later. Appointed Lance Corporal while in Egypt on the 31st May 1916. The 54th sailed from Alexandria on the 19th June bound for Marseilles and the Western Front on the 19th June 1916. Grant is wounded in action on the 20th July.. He receives a gunshot wound to his right leg. He is admitted to No.2 Australian Casualty Clearing station the same day. From there he is sent via No.8 Stationary Hospital and the Hospital Ship St David to England. Admitted to the military Hospital at Edmington. He is to remain there for just over three weeks.. His first posting from Hospital is to No. 1 Command Depot. October No.3 Command Depot, beginning of November 1916 No.4 Command Depot. Three weeks later his Commanding Officer awards him 168 hours of detention and the forfeiture of 20 days pay for being in Absent Without Leave for 13 days. On the 5th December 1916 he was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital. The 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital. Is a V.D. Hospital for mainly Australian soldiers, Grant has syphilis. He spends the next 61 days in hospital. Three days after his discharge from hospital he is posted back to No.1 Australian Depot. It is now the 5th February 1917. On the 24th February Grant goes absent without leave. He returns at 6:45 pm on the 23rd March and forfeits 28 days pay. A month later he is posted overseas and returns to France via Folkestone on the 25th April. Spending just under a month at the 5th Australian Base Depot at Etaples he rejoins his unit, the 54th Battalion on the 20th May. Promoted Corporal on the 8th June. Grant must have been a reasonably good soldier. He is again wounded. He sprains his ankle, this time playing football. The 54th Battalion were playing the 53rd. His service record records, “ This man was injured in a Football Match between 53rd Bn and 54th Bn. At Beaulancourt on 13/6/17 He was not to blame.” He spends a day over a fortnight in hospital. Wounded in action on the 25th September, the 7th November his record has him listed as “Wounded and missing on the 25th September. It was decided by the court of enquiry on the 21st March 1918 that he was Killed in Action on the 25th.9Edward Grant has no known grave his name is recorded on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.10

Private 3143 George Arthur Laidlaw, Australian Imperial Force. Arrived 5th Australian Base Depot ex10th Training Battalion the following day. Joined 54th Battalion Ex 8th Reinforcements/54th Battalion in the Field on the 13th May. Killed in Action 26th September 1917. George, the son of Mitchell and Alice Mary Laidlaw has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate.11

Private 7075 Frederick McCabe, Australian Imperial Forces, ex 23rd Reinforcements/2nd Battalion. Arrived at 1st Australian Base Depot the next day. Taken on Strength by the 2nd Battalion on the 11th May 1917. Frederick is killed in action on the 22nd September 1917. Private McCABE, FREDERICK 7075. Born in Sofalla, USA. The son of Son of James Warwick McCabe and Emily Maria McCabe, of Hudson St., Granville, New South Wales. Is buried at Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood. the inscription on his grave reads:12
“THOUGH LOST TO SIGHT TO MEMORY EVER DEAR”

Private 2362 John Crichton McLean, Australian Imperial Force, Ex 11th Training Battalion, part of the 4th Reinforcements for the 42nd Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. John was born in Glasgow but his family had emigrated to Australia and John enlisted in Brisbane. He survived the war and returned to Australia.13

Private 7025 Andrew Edward McNair, 23rd Reinforcements/8th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Marched into 1st Australian Division Base Depot on the 26th. Taken on strength of 8th Battalion on the 13th May. He is killed in action on the 25th October 1917.

Fold3_Page_40

(from Fold3/Australian Archives)
Andrew Edward Henry McNair, 8th Battalion Australian Imperial Force. Killed in action age 27. The son of Son of Andrew Sneddon McNair and Lena McNair, of Morwell, Victoria, and a native of Melbourne. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate.

Private 2691 Herbert George Rider, Australian Imperial Force. Ex-9th Training Battalion. Taken on Strength 33rd Battalion, ex 5th Reinforcements/33rd Battalion on the 1st May.14

So who did march down the Road of Rememberance? #FolkestoneRT

Two more Units added since this blog was last posted.

So who did march down the Road of Remembrance?

Not easy to say. The usual glib answer I give is relatively few. Relatively being somewhat vague, now go away answer. People, I realise, tend to want more.

The relative is compared to the total number of soldiers who left from Folkestone

How many left from Folkestone?

It depends on who you ask.

You are asking me?

Oh, 2.5 to 3 million. If you think there were more, then in proportion the “Relatively few” is fewer.

So who were the few?
Drafts I am open to debate the issue-heck not really, I do know when and which regiments of more than a few, well at a guess about 200. plus the majority of Australian, British, Canadian, American, Indian,  Units that did, (and a South African Unit-that may have)  embarked from Folkestone)

Units that marched down Slopes Road and Dates are as follows:-

On the 27th of February 1917                                                                                                              2/7th Sherwood Foresters                                                                                                                     2/8th Sherwood Foresters

On the 7th May 1917
Maybe
2/1st Shropshire RHA, 158 Brigade Royal Field Artillery
2/1st Berkshire RHA, 158 Brigade Royal Field Artillery
380 Battery RFA, 158 Brigade Royal Field Artillery
381 Battery RFA, 158 Brigade Royal Field Artillery

The 30th May 1917 Maybe

No.5 Base Hospital US Army

11th June 1917

No.12 Base Hospital U.S Army, after arrival No 12 Base Hospital operated British General Hospital No. 18. This unit did march down Slopes Road5 On the 20th May 1917 the day following the unit’s departure for England, a gunnery accident killed Nurses Helen Wood and Edith Ayres injuring a third nurse. The bodies of Wood and Ayres were returned to the US and given military funerals. They were the first United States Army Casualties of the First World War.
22nd? May 1918
Maybe
117th Infantry, 30th division U.S. Army.

Maybe

Exact date unknown, but Maybe
120th Infantry “3rd North Carolina” 30th Division, U.S. Army. The regiment crossed from Boston on the HMT Bohemia and the HMT Miltaides. To Liverpool and then by train to Folkestone and Dover. The men from the Militiades crossed from Dover, those from the Bohemia Folkestone, both disembarked at Calais All the men from the regiment had completed their journey to France on or just before the 5th June.

2nd June 1918 Sounds possible

Company B, 311th US Infantry. The 311th had crossed from the USA on the “Nestor”. After arriving at Liverpool they entrained for Folkestone arriving at 2 a.m. on the 1st June. The history of Company B, 311 Infantry records they spent the night in an Embarkation Camp at Folkestone in “a large empty stone house in a row of similar ones” Sixty men from the 311th had left for France from Folkestone on the 1st June.

11th June 1918

311th US Infantry crossed to Calais where they arrived about 4 o’clock.7 Some companies had embarked for France earlier in the month.
Maybe
312th US Infantry. The 312th had marched from Dibgate camp to Folkestone the day before and had spent the night in vacant hotels in Folkestone. The 312th crossed to Calais on the SS Marguerite.8 On arrival at Calais they marched to Rest Camp No.6.9

3rd July 1918

Maybe 41st Brigade HQ.  sailed with the 29th DLI and half of 33rd London Regiment on the first ship at 9:30 am.
Maybe 18th York and Lancaster Regiment.
For sure 33rd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment, Billeted previous night in Folkestone at No. 3 Rest Camp. Half of the battalion sailed at 9:30 am, the other half at 1 pm.
Maybe 29th Battalion Durham Light Infantry the Battalion arrived in Folkestone at 5 am., they arrived in Boulogne at 11 am. Four hours later.

5th July 1918

Maybe
15th Battalion Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.

These did.
20th Battalion Middlesex Regiment. On the 4th July the battalion consisting of 39 Officers and 623 Other Ranks. left Bullswater Camp in two parties on two trains one at 10:35pm, the other at 11:00 pm, for Folkestone. The last of the two trains arrived at Folkestone at 3 a.m. on the 5th. Both parties marched to Number 5 Rest Camp. Officers were billeted in surrounding hotels. Those officers staying in the Grand being excessively charged. The battalion paraded at 8 a.m. To march to the harbour and embark for Boulogne on two boats.
12th Suffolk Regiment. The Battalion left Pirbright on two trains, the first left at 11:45 p.m. On the 4th July 1918, the second at 12:15 a.m. On the 5th of July 1918. On arrival in Folkestone, the whole battalion was billeted at No. 3 Rest Camp. The battalion left for Boulogne at 4:30 p.m. on the 5th of July.
10th (Service) Battalion Highland Light Infantry. Now part of 43rd Brigade 14th Division. On the night of the 4th-5th July, the battalion entrained on two trains for Folkestone. On arriving at Folkestone the battalion was billeted at Number 3 Rest Camp. At 16:30 hours on the 5th July the 10th Highland Light Infantry sailed for Boulogne.

31st July 1918

Likely some of these did

48th Brigade 16th Division, the brigade arrived in Folkestone between 3 and 5 a.m. and proceeded into a rest camp. Later on that morning at 8 a.m. They embarked as follows:
Brigade Head Quarters
22nd Battalion The Northumberland Fusiliers, and the
11th Battalion Princess Victoria’s Royal Irish Fusiliers
on the S.S. Onward.
18th Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), and the
48th Trench Mortar Battery
on the S.S. Princess Victoria. The Brigade disembarked in Boulogne at 11 a.m.

1st August 1918
These did.
11th (Service) Battalion (Pioneers) Hampshire Regiment. The battalion left Aldershot on two trains. After a three-hour train journey the first train arrived at Shorncliffe at 4 a.m., and the second train at 4:30 a.m. From Shorncliffe station the battalion was marched to Number 3 Rest camp. Here the men were billeted and served breakfast plus a haversack ration. Just before 8 a.m. The battalion was paraded and marched down to the harbour where they embarked on the S.S. Onward at 8:30 a.m. The S.S. Onward sailed at 9 a.m. and arrived at Boulogne at 10:45. From Boulogne harbour, the battalion marches up to Ostrahof Rest Camp. While here at Ostrahof the battalion saw the first action of their return to France. There was an enemy air raid at 11 p.m. There were no casualties in the battalion.
Maybe these did.
The Reconstituted 6th (Service) Battalion, Prince Albert’s Own (Somerset Light Infantry), now part of 49th Brigade 16th Division.
18th Battalion the Gloucestershire Regiment part of 49th Brigade, 16th Division.
34th (City of London) Battalion The London Regiment.

Did they stop on the way down the road to remember their dead?

If they did, it should be called the Road of Premonitions.

Embarking from #Folkestone #FWW

The list continues to grow, so does the word count, over 90,000 words. The working title is misleading, “Poppies to Oblivion” the vast majority returned.

Most detrained at the Harbour Arm, but not all. It is known that American Units marched down Slopes Road, The Road of Remembrance,  as well as others, including the

11th (Service) Battalion (Pioneers) Hampshire Regiment. The battalion left Aldershot on two trains. After a three hour train journey the first train arrived at Shorncliffe at 4 a.m., and the second train at 4:30 a.m.. From Shorncliffe station the battalion was marched to Number 3 Rest camp. Here the men were billeted and served breakfast plus a haversack ration. Just before 8 a.m. The battalion was paraded and marched down to the harbour where they embarked on the S.S. Onward at 8:30 a.m. The S.S. Onward sailed at 9 a.m. and arrived at Boulogne at 10:45. From Boulogne harbour the battalion march up to Ostrahof Rest Camp. While here at Ostrahof the battalion saw their first action of their return to France. There was an enemy air raid at 11 p.m. There were no casualties in the battalion.

Unexpected adds to the list included a man from the, Reserve Battalion South African Scottish. Not yet known if he was on his tod, or part of a draft.

A trooper from the Life Guards posted for about a month to Paris.

Not added any Americans in the last week.

Have added a few Australians including Noel D Vann

Private 3222 Noel Douglas Vann, Australian Imperial Force, ex 12th Training Battalion. 21st June he is taken on strength 46th Battalion ex 8th Reinforcements/46th Battalion 4th Australian Base Depot. On the 11th September he is found, Not Guilty of desertion, but guilty of being absent without leave from the 2nd August to 11th August 1917, and sentence to 6 months Imprisonment with Hard Labour. The unexpired portion of the Sentence is remitted on the 19th February 1918. On the 23rd April, he is found guilty of desertion between the 25th March and the 30th March and sentenced to 5 years Penal Servitude. On the 23rd June 1918 found Not Guilty of desertion, but guilty of being absent without leave between the 27th May to 3rd June. He is sentenced to 2 Years Imprisonment with Hard Labour. Sent to Winchester Prison in Hampshire from No.1 Military Prison on the 4th August, arriving back in the United Kingdom on the 5th. Noel is returned to Australia on the “Somali” on the 1st June 1919 to serve the remainder of his sentence. Discharged by 5th Military District 19th July 1919. He forfeited all his medals, and on the 29th February 1940 his Returned Serviceman’s badge is returned unissued by 5th Military District to base records.

Must press on.

 

 

Americans and others #Folkestone May 1917 #FWW

It is known that Americans went to France during the First World War long before America officially joined the fray in April 1917. The American people very often do the right thing long before the American Government gets around to it. Clarence V. Mitchell an American who went to be a volunteer Ambulance Driver. He wrote, With a Military Ambulance in France, which is a collection of letters he sent to his parents. Crossed to France on the SS Sussex in October 1914. Richard Norton the founder of the American Volunteer Motor-Ambulance Corps, also known as the Norton-Harjes Ambulance Corps also crossed from Folkestone in October 1914. At the end of May 1917 America was in the war as an Associate Power fighting along side the British and French.
One of the first US military organisations to embark from Folkestone after the declaration of war was the United States Military Railway Commission to England and France. The commission had travelled down to Folkestone from London by rail and crossed to Boulogne on the SS London. The following day the Commission continued their journey to Paris by motor car. One of the first US Army units to go to France via Folkestone was, No.5 Base Hospital US Army. Not yet known if they went directly to the harbour or if they spent sometime in one of the rest camps. Both the Commission and No.5 Base Hospital crossed towards the end of May.

Soldiers with an American connection who embarked from Folkestone during May include:

Lance-Sergeant 1145 George Joseph Richard Brown M.M., 28th Infantry Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Returning to the front after being wounded. George joins the Australian General Base Depot the following day. Marched out to 3rd Australian Division Artillery, Rouillers, on the 2nd June. He is taken on Strength, Division Trench Mortars, 6th June. Transferred to, and taken on strength of 28th Infantry Battalion on the 10th August. George is killed in Action on the 4th October 1917. George was the son of George and Mary Brown, born in Concord, Northampshire, USA. He was married to Alice Oliver Brown who lived at, 129 Brighton Road, Surbiton. His Military Medal was Gazetted on the 27th October 1916:
“HIS MAJESTY THE KING has been graciously pleased to award the Military Medal for bravery in the Field to the undermentioned non-commissioned officer:- No. 1145 Corporal GEORGE JOSEPH RICHARD BROWN.” He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate.

Private 3156 Earle Nelson Gates, ex 15th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Taken on Strength 57th Battalion ex 8th Reinforcements/57th Battalion. Born in Allegahanny City, Pennsylvania USA, enlisted in Broadmeadows, Victoria, Australia on the 17th October 1916.

Private 6948 Albert Fred Hass, ex 3rd Training Battalion, 10th Battalion. Australian Infantry, Australian Imperial Force. The son of Peter Heinrich Hass, of Peterborough, South Australia, and the late Lisette Hass (nee Lohmann). Born in Greenville, Wisconsin, U.S.A. He was killed in action between the 20th and 21st September, Aged 24. and has no known grave. His brother, Walter Theodor Hass also of the Australian Imperial Force was also killed in action and also has no known grave. Both are commemorated on the Menin Gate. Walter also embarked from Folkestone but not in May 1917.

Private 6785 John Charles Marchant, ex 2nd Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, he arrived at 1st Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength by 7th Battalion ex 22nd Reserves/7th Battalion on the 28th May. He is killed in action on the 4th October 1917 during an attack on Broodsiende Ridge near Zonnebeke. It is believed that 1st Divisional Burial Party, buried him. His grave can not be found and he is commemorated on the Menin Gate. John’s widow Mrs. Q. U. M. Marchant, lived at 822, Prarie Avenue, Wilmette, Illinois, U.S.A.

Other non American or Australian Units and men that crossed from Folkestone in May 1917 include man from an Artillery Brigade.
Mamiel Vincent Uzzell, farm carter and ploughman, he worked with his farther at Lower Barn Farm, Chaddleworth before his enlistment. He enlisted in the Royal Berkshire Regiment on the 12th February 1916. He is posted to the 3rd Reserve Battalion 20th January 1917. After training he is sent to France on the 7th May. The first eleven days in France are spent with 46 Infantry Brigade Depot before being posted to the 1st Battalion. Uzzell is reported missing on the 30th November 1917. He was most likely captured by the Germans on either the 29th or 30th . On the 29th the 1st Battalion is west of Bourlon Wood during an advance of 200 yards by C Company. The next day from about 8:45 am the, Sugar Factory where the Headquarters of 1st Battalion is the centre of a box barrage. During the barrage the Germans attacked the rest of the Battalion along the line Bourlon Villiage Quarry Wood. The attempted breakthrough is stopped by a combination of artillery and Machine Gunfire. Although the Germans continue attacks on the battalion all through the afternoon. For Uzzell the war is over. He is to spend the rest of it as a Prisoner of War. It is not until the 10th December 1918 that he is repatriated to. It will be another 10 months before he is demobilised and transferred to the reserves an the 12th October 1919. Mamiel Vincent Uzzell is awarded the British War Medal and the Victory Medal

 

Private 90681 Alfred Babbage, Machine Gun Corps. Alfred lived in. Dartford. He first enlisted in the 22nd Battalion London Regiment on the 2nd June 1915. He was then discharged on the 21st January as being “Not likely to make an efficient soldier. On the 18th December 1916 Alfred Babbage is enlisted into the Machine Gun Corps. He is 21 years old. At first he is posted to the Rifle Depot in Winchester. Two months later he is posted to the 5th Battalion Rifle Brigade. A year later on the 3rd April 1917 he is transferred to the Machine Gun Corps. Following this he is posted to France and embarks from Folkestone on the 26th May. After spending just under a fortnight at the Machine Gun Corps base Depot at Camiers he is posted to 152 company in the field. On the 13th July 1917 when cleaning his rifle he “negligently discharged same. Thereby wounding himself.” He is to be tried on the 25th for neglect to the prejudice of good order and military discipline. Before the trial Babbage is sent at first to 61 casualty Clearing Station then 5 days in hospital. Babbage is found guilty at his Field General Courts Martial and sentenced to 60 days Field Punishment No.2. This is commuted to 28 days by the General Officer Commanding 51st Division. On the 5th September he is sent to 35 Field Hospital with an “old” gun shot wound to his left hand. The 8th sees him at 63 Casualty Clearing Station, the 9th at 14th General Hospital and on the 11th he is sent back to England on the Hospital Ship St David. Babbage spends the next two months at the Ontario Military Hospital in Orpington, Kent. His pension record also shows him as been posted from No.1 Northern General Hospital Newcastle to Somewhere on his journey between his unit and his release from hospital the second finger of his left hand is amputated. His last posting appears to be to the Base Depot at Grantham. On the 25th April 1918 he appears before N0.2 TMB (Temporary Medical Board?) Grantham. Apart from the Gunshot wound to his left hand he has some mental problems, described in his records as “mental deficiency” Three months later Babbage is discharged as being physically unfit to be a soldier. Alfred Babbage is awarded the British War Medal, and the Victory Medal.

Plus others. Research is on going and proceeds as fast as funds and mugs of tea allow.

ANZAC Day #Folkestone 1917.

As it is ANZAC Day, the following are just a few of the men who embarked at Folkestone for France on the 25th April 1917.

 

25th April 1917

Private 4632 Roy Arthur, ex 8th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Part of 12th Reinforcements 30th Battalion. Marched into 5 Australian Division Base Depot on the 26th, and joined 30th Battalion in the Field on the 30th April.1

Private 2537 Arthur James Beal, ex 11th Training Battalion Australian Imperial Force, part of part of 5th reinforcement 43rd Battalion.2

Private 6286 James Jack Brown, ex 5th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 18th Reinforcements 20th Battalion. Joined 20th Battalion in the Field on the 2nd May 1917, and is killed in action on the 27th April 1918.3 James was the son of Emily Brown, Darling Street, Cowra, New South Wales, Australia, and George Brown. He was born in San Francisco, and is buried in Bouzincourt Ridge Cemetery, Albert. The inscription on his grave reads:
“IN MEMORY OF THE DEAR SON OF EMILY AND THE LATE GEORGE BROWN OF COWRA”

Private 2815 Mayo Carlton Clark, Australian Imperial Force, he arrives at 4th Australian Division Base Camp the following day. Taken on the strength of 4th Pioneer Battalion ex-6th Reinforcements/4th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, on the 16th May 1917. Mayo was born near Denver, Colorado, USA. Married to Jane Reid of New Zealand, his mother lived in Brisbane, Queensland Australia. He enlisted on the 10th January 1916 in Brisbane. Hospitalised in July 1918 suffering from Trench Fever.4

Private 2541 Charles Valentine Crichton, ex 10th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 5th Reinforcement 39th Battalion.5

Private 6977 David Maynard Crichton, Ex 2nd Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of 23rd Reinforcements/8th Battalion.6

Corporal 3055 Edward Grant, 54th Infantry Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Edward, was born in Willesden near London and emigrated to Australia before the outbreak of war. He enlisted in the 10th Reinforcement 2nd Battalion on the 6th July 1915. Taking his oath of allegiance on the 12th Grant was taken on strength 2nd Battalion from the 10th/2nd at Tel-el Kebir 5th February 1916. Transferred to the 54th Battalion eleven days later. Appointed Lance Corporal while in Egypt on the 31st May 1916. The 54th sailed from Alexandria on the 19th June bound for Marseilles and the Western Front on the 19th June 1916. Grant is wounded in action on the 20th July.. He receives a gunshot wound to his right leg. He is admitted to No.2 Australian Casualty Clearing station the same day. From there he is sent via No.8 Stationary Hospital and the Hospital Ship St David to England. Admitted to the military Hospital at Edmington. He is to remain there for just over three weeks.. His first posting from Hospital is to No. 1 Command Depot. October No.3 Command Depot, beginning of November 1916 No.4 Command Depot. Three weeks later his Commanding Officer awards him 168 hours of detention and the forfeiture of 20 days pay for being in Absent Without Leave for 13 days. On the 5th December 1916 he was admitted to the 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital. The 1st Australian Dermatological Hospital. Is a V.D. Hospital for mainly Australian soldiers, Grant has syphilis. He spends the next 61 days in hospital. Three days after his discharge from hospital he is posted back to No.1 Australian Depot. It is now the 5th February 1917. On the 24th February Grant goes absent without leave. He returns at 6:45 pm on the 23rd March and forfeits 28 days pay. A month later he is posted overseas and returns to France via Folkestone on the 25th April. Spending just under a month at the 5th Australian Base Depot at Etaples he rejoins his unit, the 54th Battalion on the 20th May. Promoted Corporal on the 8th June grant must have been a reasonably good soldier. He is again wounded. He sprains his ankle, this time playing football. The 54th Battalion were playing the 53rd. His service record records, “ This man was injured in a Football Match between 53rd Bn and 54th Bn. At Beaulancourt on 13/6/17 He was not to blame.” He spends a day over a fortnight in hospital. Wounded in action on the 25th September, the 7th November his record has him listed as “Wounded and missing on the 25th September. It was decided by the court of enquiry on the 21st March 1918 that he was Killed in Action on the 25th.7Edward Grant has no known grave his name is recorded on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.8

Private 3143 George Arthur Laidlaw, Australian Imperial Force. Arrived 5th Australian Base Depot ex10th Training Battalion the following day. Joined 54th Battalion Ex 8th Reinforcements/54th Battalion in the Field on the 13th May. Killed in Action 26th September 1917. George, the son of Mitchell and Alice Mary Laidlaw has no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate.9

Private 7075 Frederick McCabe, Australian Imperial Forces, ex 23rd Reinforcements/2nd Battalion. Arrived at 1st Australian Base Depot the next day. Taken on Strength by the 2nd Battalion on the 11th May 1917. Frederick is killed in action on the 22nd September 1917. Private McCABE, FREDERICK 7075. Born in Sofalla, USA. The son of Son of James Warwick McCabe and Emily Maria McCabe, of Hudson St., Granville, New South Wales. Is buried at Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood. the inscription on his grave reads:10
“THOUGH LOST TO SIGHT TO MEMORY EVER DEAR”

Private 2362 John Crichton McLean, Australian Imperial Force, Ex 11th Training Battalion, part of the 4th Reinforcements for the 42nd Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. John was born in Glasgow but his family had emigrated to Australia and John enlisted in Brisbane. He survived the war and returned to Australia.11

Private 2691 Herbert George Rider, Australian Imperial Force. Ex-9th Training Battalion. Taken on Strength 33rd Battalion, ex 5th Reinforcements/33rd Battalion on the 1st May.12

Also decided to add this gentleman, Gunner 2422 Charles George Waller, Australian Imperial Force. Ex Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery, Larkhill. Four days after arriving in France Charles is in 26 General Hospital, Etaples, sick. 20th March he is transferred to 24 General Hospital with Suspected Cerebro Spinal Meningitis. Cerebro Spinal Fever is confirmed on the 2nd April. Charles dies on the 13th April. He is buried at Etaples Military Cemetery.13 His parents, Alfred George and Ellen O’Regan Waller, of Gympie, Queensland, had the following inscription put on his grave,

“THE BUGLES OF ENGLAND WERE CALLING & HOW COULD I STAY”

For those who wish to pay their respects there are Australian Soldiers commemorated in Folkestone Cemetery and also a few ANZACs are buried in Shorncliffe Military Cemetery.IMG_8400

Australians and New Zealanders buried at Shorncliffe. #Shorncliffe #Folkestone #FWW #WWI

The 25th April is the day Australia, New Zealand, as well as a few small Pacific Nations, commemorate their war dead. Originally the day was set aside to remember the dead of the ANZAC at Gallipoli but has since been expanded to include all Australian and New Zealand war dead. At cemeteries in countries where Australian and New Zealanders service personnel are buried, there are Dawn Services. I’m not sure if there has ever been a Dawn Service on ANZAC day at Shorncliffe.  Here are the 11 Australians listed by the Australian War Memorial as being buried at Shorncliffe, plus the three men on the New Zealand War Graves Register also interned at the Military Cemetery Shorncliffe.

Carl Christian Andersen, born in Holstebro in Denmark, a naturalised Australian. Enlisted on the 17th January 1915. Wounded in action in France on the 19th July 1916. Gun Shot wound fractured arm and a leg. He died from his wounds on the 31st July 1916. Buried in Grave Number “O” 429.IMG_8408

John James Forrest-Dunlop. Born in Sydney, Australia. Based at Sandling. Husband to Violet of East Rand, Transvaal. South Africa. Died from Pneumonia. Buried in N 673.IMG_8404

Edward Thomas Froud, born in London. Wounded in action in France on the 27th July 1917. A gunshot wound to his back and buttock. His relatives ( two brothers and a sister) were with him when he died. Died of wounds at York House Hospital in Folkestone. Buried in Grave N 576IMG_8406

William Burns Gemmell, wounded in action on the 11th October 1917.Committed suicide by cutting his throat at No.3 Rest Camp, on the leas, Folkestone. 17th April 1917. Buried in Grave N664.IMG_8402

Cecil Edwin Howard, Also known as C Paling. Born “Near London”, his mother lived in Tottenham. Wounded in action in France. A Gun Shot wound to Right foot and left leg amputated. Died from wounds at Manor Court Hospital Folkestone. Buried in Grave P443.IMG_8413

George Melbourne. Wounded in action, gunshot to shoulders and a knee, In France sometime around the 7-9th June 1917. Died of wounds at Manor House (court) Hospital in Folkestone.IMG_8399

John Richardson Poole, wounded in action in France on the 12th October 1916. Died from wounds at the Garrison Hospital on the 5th November 1916. Buried in grave O 465.IMG_8400

Edward Robinson, the son of Henry and Agnes Robinson before enlisting he was a farm labourer. Wounded in action in France, died at Shorncliffe, buried in grave N668.IMG_8403.JPG

Geoffrey Campbell Scarr, From Killara Sydney.  Scarr first enlisted into the British Indian Army before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps. In February he became an instructor of aerial gunnery at New Romney. Flying in a group of fire aeroplanes his plane stalled while attempting a forced landing and crashed on Folkestone Golf Course. Died of shock at the Garrison Hospital at 6:45 pm.IMG_8396

Albert Edward William Ward. Born in Tasmania, died of pneumonia at the Garrison Hospital, buried grave R 732.IMG_8411

Robert William Williams. Served at Gallipoli. Died of Phthisis (pulmonary tuberculosis or a similar progressive wasting disease.) at the Garrison Hospital. Buried in P447IMG_8414

The three men on the New Zealand War Graves Project Register are:

Henry Stokes Richards. 1st Observers School of Aerial Gunnery.  A New Zealand Rhodes Scholar, the third to die. Served on the Somme, wounded at Thiepval in September 1916. Killed in a mid air collision. He was piloting a Bristol Fighter (C4798) and along with Flt Cadet George Finney were killed in the collision. Also involved in the collision was another Bristol Fighter (A7262) Lt John Samuel Morbey and Sgt Frank Thomas Hoskins, Both Killed. Richards is buried in M660. Also commemorated at Bromley Cemetery in Christchurch New Zealand.

IMG_8395

Peter Joseph Gorman, born in New Zealand.. Died of shock after being run over by a Motor Bus on the 4th July.IMG_8416

Robert Livesey, lived at 6 Edinburgh Street, Newton, Auckland, New Zealand. Killed in a bombing (Grenade) accident.IMG_8409

Doughboys and The First World War Great British Cook Off #FWW #WW1

Doughboys, not sure when this recipe dates from, but it was cooked circa 1914-18

4oz flour

1/2 teaspoon baking powder

2oz shredded suet

pinch of salt

Mix with cold water into a dough                                                                                                             Divide into balls and drop into boiling water                                                                                             Boil for 15 minutes

They are really nice with jam

Bully Omelet

1 oz cornflour

3/4 teacup ofmilk

2 dried eggs

1/4 teaspoon ready made mustard

1/2 margarine

pepper and salt

oh 2 tablespoons bully beef

Soak the dried eggs for a couple of hours                                                                                             Mix cornflour with a little of the milk   into a paste                                                                                   Stir in the rest of the milk and the dired eggs                                                                                           Season and add the bully beef                                                                                                                 Melt the margarine in a frying pa                                                                                                          pour in the mixture and serve when the underside is brown

Blushing Bunny

2 oz margarine

1 cup cooked spaghetti

2 tablespoons flour

1 cup milk

2 eggs

1/2 can tomato soup 1/2 lb grated cheese

salt pepper mustard to taste

Melt the margarine in the top of a double saucepan.                                                                               Stir in the flour, add the milk, stir until thick and boiling                                                                           Add the speghetti and the soup, stir until pping hot                                                                                 Add 2 beaten eggs, Stir over boiling water for two minutes                                                          add the cheese, salt, pepper and mustard                                                                                                     When the cheese melts serve on hot toast.

Now from the trenches

Trench Pudding

Smash up Army biscuits with a bayonet.. In your canteen mix with water and some orange peel. Boil until it forms a paste. Serve with condensed milk.

The Winner in the First World War Great British Cook off goes to the following recipe.

Trench Mortar

Batter some Army biscuits into a fine dust with your entrenching tool. Mix with Plum and Apple jam to taste. Warm and serve. Follow with Army biscuits bathed in sizzling hot ham fat and spread with toasted cheese.

It just beats the hell out of egg on ronay any day:)