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Australians and New Zealanders buried at Shorncliffe. #Shorncliffe #Folkestone #FWW #WWI

Scarce heard among the guns. (Blogs about WW1)

The 25th April is the day Australia, New Zealand, as well as a few small Pacific Nations, commemorate their war dead. Originally the day was set aside to remember the dead of the ANZAC at Gallipoli but has since been expanded to include all Australian and New Zealand war dead. At cemeteries in countries where Australian and New Zealanders service personnel are buried, there are Dawn Services. I’m not sure if there has ever been a Dawn Service on ANZAC day at Shorncliffe.  Here are the 11 Australians listed by the Australian War Memorial as being buried at Shorncliffe, plus the three men on the New Zealand War Graves Register also interned at the Military Cemetery Shorncliffe.

Carl Christian Andersen, born in Holstebro in Denmark, a naturalised Australian. Enlisted on the 17th January 1915. Wounded in action in France on the 19th July 1916. Gun Shot wound fractured arm and a…

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Only A Cemetery.

Shorncliffe Cemetery.

Going through my notes and adding things. Over fifty pages for an average talk/tour of forty minutes.

So why are the notes so long?

Never used or needed all of the notes. There are there for backup and to answer questions. The first part of the notes cover the Units, American, British, and Canadian based at Shorncliffe Garrison in the years up to 1920. Plus modern British Army Regiments and Corps that have been stationed there.

Followed by a note of the extent of Shorncliffe Garrison.

A quick run down of what surrounds the cemetery. Martello towers, the different designs of the two within easy walking distance. Which one opened fire on an airship in the First World War, where the tower a soldier got shot in is. The World War II trench, the trench dug by the Royal Engineers in 1918, the practice trenches, the Tolsford Hill trenches, where William Tull was based. Where the the American hospital in WWII was, that sort of thing.

Bit on the Canadian Hospitals, the VD hospital,

Little bit on War Poets, Sorley, and John McCrae were both at Shorncliffe. There is also a rather tenuous link to E A Mackintosh

A little piece on the Spitfire, Hurricane, and the Halifax bomber pilots buried there, and the other pilots.

As I tend to mention Flynn the Machine Gunner, A few lines on the Americans, and

the Royal Canadian Air Force. There are notes about Step-Short and the FWW commemorations in Folkestone.

A couple of pages on Major Bellamy and the Irish Marriage Laws.

Notes on Key dates, 13th October 1915, 25th May 1917, 28th November 1920, 24th May 1941, and the 29th May 1944.

The two 14 year old and the 16 year old Boy Soldiers buried in the cemetery.

Notes on the suicides. The Victorian, Novelist, the leading Methodist clergyman buried there.

The child who were killed in both World Wars, the three VCs

Reminders of the War in the Far East, Major Close, is buried in the cemetery. A reminder about the Malayan Emergency, a soldier killed by the CTs is commemorated in the cemetery. It is surprising who asks questions, I once showed a relative of Chin Peng (google him) around the cemetery.

Notes about the American Service man who was buried there. notes about some of the Americans, Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders, and Africans both black and white who are buried there. The oldest Memorials, they date from circa 1804. A note on the wooden Victorian grave marker. The earliest grave, the secret burials, the hidden graves. Reminders about the crewmen from a U-boat who were once buried there. The air raid victims from both World Wars.

The notes are increasing, more pages will be added. As I need something to sit on when my legs give way.

Oh if my legs do give way on a tour with you. This is what to do, tilt your head skyward start to whistle and slowly walk away. I will be fine after a few minutes.

Shorncliffe 19th and 20th

A quick review

Over the 7 tours

The 3 VC holders were mentioned as were

The two 14 year boy soldier and the 16 year old boy soldier

the unknown soldier buried there

The Spitfire, Hurricane, and Halifax pilots

The U boat crew and the German legion grave

Australian, Chinese, Polish, Portuguese, South African graves

The Battle Damage on some of the graves

The Victorian Novelist

The soldiers who died in a minefield

Blown up in a demonstration of how an anti tank grenade functions.

The Gurkha

The Soldier killed in Northern Ireland

The little girl girl killed in WW2

The American soldier who was buried there

The Belgian buried there

The French who were also buried there

The oldest Memorials

The wooden Victorian Grave marker

The direction of Graves and the possibility two that might not face East

Why some of the cemetery is pristine the rest you could use as a training ground for jungle warfare

The Malayan Emergency

The two pilots that collided in mid air.

The Visit of the Royal Canadian Air Force

Debunked the “They marched down the Road of Remembrance” myth perpetuated by Step Short. (American Army Units did, Canadian Units did not)

Where soldiers stood and remembered on the Road of remembrance -its still there.

The oldest memorials

Neremiah Curnock

and the question was posed “Is there something in the soil of cemeteries that makes the blackberries taste so good?

Sod the Visitor Books, #Folkestone #FWW

I research the embarkations from Folkestone during the First World War. The sources for my information include

War Diaries

Army Forms B103s

Personal Memoirs

I DO NOT USE THE HARBOUR MOLE CAFES VISITORS BOOK

Why? Afterall the books contain an estimated 42,000 signatures (Step Short.) Apart from Medal Cards these signatures are the only other reference that a soldier, or other individual actually lived. They also give a date when that individual was in Folkestone. Fascinating books. If you are ever in Folkestone,Kent, England, do go and look at them. They are at Folkestone Museum and also online somewhere.

So again, why do I not use them as a source?

I research EMBARKATIONS from Folkestone, not DISEMBARKATIONS. The visitors books were mostly signed by people returning from France and Flanders, not by people going to France and or Flanders.

Army Embarkations from Folkestone started at the end of March 1915. Not on the 4th August 1914

It is easy to check if you wish. From the 1915 pages find a soldier and look up their Medal Card.

or, Find a soldier in any of the other volumes and see if their Army Form B103 still exists.

Also the cafe was only open during the daylight hours and just look at where the cafe is. Next to the railway platform, which is next to the railway track, which is next to the quayside, then there is the boat. Battalions could arrive at the harbour and embark in ten minutes. Think about how long it would take to queue, get served, drink your tea, go around the train, and embark.

Compare dates. I’m also not impressed by the morons who tell me millions marched down what is now known as the Road of Rememberance. It says so on the cairn at the top.

This is what the plaque says.

Read it slowly word for word.

It states very clearly, TENS OF THOUSENDS… … TO AND FROM, ie in both directions. NOT MMILLIONS, NOT HUNDREDS OF THOUSENDS, IT STATES Tens of thousends.

Yes, I know some units did march down the road. If asked very nicely I will let you see the list.

Amerian units also marched done the road during the war.

Canadian Units did not.

How do we know?

We have their war diaries and other sources. It is well known how soldiers marched from Shorncliffe to the Harbour. Down the Military Road and along the Lower Sandgate Road thats how.

There are daft buggers who tell me soldiers marched from Folkestone Central Railway station down to thhe harbour. Hate well actually delighted to tell you. like hell they did.

More than a few Soldiers would have taken their chance and deserted on the way. There was no point in stopping at Folkestone Station, the next, last and only stop was the harbour.

ah but they “Stopped and remembered their fallen comrades on the way down the Road of Rememerance.”

Then why is it not called The Road of Premonitions?

Yes we do know exactly where the soldiers stopped on the way up. Going up it is about ten to fifteen yards (ok metres) from the top on the left hamd side. You have to push your way through the bushes first. Usually if you walk up on the pavement on the right you can see some glazed brown tiles. They mark the site.

Every entery on my list is referenced. Sometimes there are additional details, sometimes not. The list is over 190,000 words and about 850 pages long. People are welome to visit. Although don’t even think about it during the covid Lock down.

Please do not tell me to refer to the visitors book, or tell me Step Short or anyone else told you millions marched down the Road of Rememberance. I will tell you where and how you can off.

Rant over,

21st April 1915 Embarkations from #Folkestone

On the 20th of April, the following embarked at Folkestone

Tuesday 20th April 1915

Head Quarters 149th Infantry Brigade. Left Folkestone 8:15 pm. They arrived in Boulogne at 9:40 pm. 1

1/4th Northumberland Fusiliers, part of the Northumberland Brigade, 50th Division.2

1/5th Northumberland Fusiliers, part of the Northumberland Brigade, 50th Division. At 8:45 pm the battalion embarked on the S.S. Victoria. They arrived at Boulogne at 10:30 pm..3

1/6th Northumberland Fusiliers, part of the Northumberland Brigade, 50th Division after a train journey of nearly 12 hours from Blyth the battalion arrived in Folkestone at 10 pm and 10:45pm. They embarked on to the S.S. Onward and arrived at Boulogne at 12:45 on the 21st April .4

1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers, part of the Northumberland Brigade, 50th Division. Embarked at 11 pm, on the S.S. Invicta arrived in Boulogne at 2 am on the 21st. The crossing was very calm.5

11th (Service) Battalion Kings Liverpool Regiment, (Pioneers). A K1 battalion in 14th Division. The Battalion entrained at the Government sidings in Aldershot on two trains they arrived in Folkestone at 12 mid night and 12:20 am. The Battalion then embarked on the Princess Victoria which sailed at 1 am.6

1149th Inf Brigade War Diary

2 1/4th Battalion War Diary.

3 1/5th Battalion War Diary

4 1/6th Battalion War Diary.

51/7th War Diary.

611th Battalion war Diary.

Due to the timing of embarkations and sailings, the Army Pension records  record some of the men embarking on the 21st.

This is what happened to just a few of the men from the 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers.

21st April 1915

Lance Corporal 205 Walter Gair, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. He is wounded in action on the 26th of April. Promoted Sergeant in July 1915. Returns to England Time expired on the 7th April 1916.1

Private 2277 James Hogg, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. He is wounded in action on the 26th of April. Transferred back to England on the Hospital Ship Valdivia, 3rd May 1915.2

Private 2743 Thomas Gray Palmer, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. Accendently wounded on the 3rd (?) August. This probably when he was wounded by a gunshot to the right foot, on the 3rd (?) August. He transferred back to England on the 12th of August 1915. He will embark again for France on the 27th of October from Southampton. Appointed paid Lance Corporal 24th November 1916. Allotted a new Regimental number, 290719 in March 1917. Promoted to Corporal on the 20th of March. Appointed paid Lance Sergeant, 27th November. Accendently wounded in the field on the 6th April 1918, scald left ankle and gassed, Mustered Poisoning. Transferred back to England on the 18th of April. Discharged on the 18th October 1918 as Time Expired.3

Private 2029 Michael Quinn, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. 26th April he is admitted to 10 Casualty Clearing Station, Hazebrouck, with a gunshot wound to a hand. A day later he is admitted to No.9 Stationary Hospital Harve. On the 30th he is transferred back to England on the Hospital Ship, Carisbrooke Castle.4

Private 2747 Adam Scott, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. He is wounded in action on the 26th  of April. The following day 26th he is admitted to (10 Casualty Clearing Station?), Hazebrouck, with a gunshot wound to his left hand. Scott is transferred back to England on the 5th of May.5

Corporal 809 Ralph Watson, 1/7th Northumberland Fusiliers. Time expired 1st April 1916. He is discharged from the Army on the 26th April 1916.6

1 Walter Gair’s Army Pension Record.

2 James Hogg’s Army Pension Record.

3 Thomas Gray Palmer’s Army Pension Record.

4 Michael Quinn’s Army Pension Record.

5 Adam Scott’s Army Pension Record.

6 Ralph Watson Army Pension Record.

105 years ago#Folkestone.

At the end of March 1915 soldiers started to embark at Folkestone. Working out exact numbers is not as easy as it appears. No complete battalions embarked. Battalion Advanced Parties, Battalion Transport, and Heavey equipment, such as Machine Guns, embarked at Southampton.

Private 2245 William Holland, killed in Action 8th April 1915. The entry for the 8th April 1915 in the 1st Buckinghamshire, Battalion Oxford shire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, gives the location of it’s companies undergoing training by 12th Brigade 4th Division. A company is undergoing instruction, that night, by the 2nd Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers. B Company, by the 2nd Battalion the Monmouthshire Regiment. C Company by the 2nd Battalion the Essex Regiment. D Company by the 1st Battalion the King’s Own (Lancashire) Regiment in billets and the Royal Engineers in the rear trenches. One man, in D Company, is recorded as being wounded and dying later of his wounds. There is only one man from the 1st/1st Buckinghamshire Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry recorded by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission as dying that day. He is Private William Holland. William Holland is also thought to be the first soldier who crossed from Folkestone to die on the Western Front in the Great War. He was the son of Charles and Ann Jemima Holland of 13 Chicheley Street Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Private William Holland is buried in Strand Military Cemetery, south of Leper (Ypres),1 and commemorated on the Newport Pagnell War Memorial.2 He was awarded the 1914 Star, British War Medal, and the Victory Medal.3

1CWGC Website.

3Medal Card.

Many would return wounded, soldiers such as,

Private 2447 Frederick Watkins, 1/7th Battalion the Worcestershire Regiment, (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division. Due to chronic dyspepsia, Frederick returned to England on board the Hospital Ship “Anglia” on the 24th September 1915.1

1Frederick Watkins Army Pension Record.

Some would return from the war early as time expired, men such as,

Private 660 Charles White, 1/7th Battalion the Worcestershire Regiment, (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division. White returns to the United Kingdom, Time Expired 18th March 1916.

Many would not return at all, men such as

Private 2245 William Holland, killed in Action 8th April 1915. The entry for the 8th April 1915 in the 1st Buckinghamshire, Battalion Oxford shire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, gives the location of it’s companies undergoing training by 12th Brigade 4th Division. A company is undergoing instruction, that night, by the 2nd Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers. B Company, by the 2nd Battalion the Monmouthshire Regiment. C Company by the 2nd Battalion the Essex Regiment. D Company by the 1st Battalion the King’s Own (Lancashire) Regiment in billets and the Royal Engineers in the rear trenches. One man, in D Company, is recorded as being wounded and dying later of his wounds. There is only one man from the 1st/1st Buckinghamshire Battalion Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry recorded by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission as dying that day. He is Private William Holland. William Holland is also thought to be the first soldier who crossed from Folkestone to die on the Western Front in the Great War. He was the son of Charles and Ann Jemima Holland of 13 Chicheley Street Newport Pagnell Buckinghamshire. Private William Holland is buried in Strand Military Cemetery, south of Leper (Ypres),1 and commemorated on the Newport Pagnell War Memorial.2 He was awarded the 1914 Star, British War Medal, and the Victory Medal.3

1CWGC Website.

3Medal Card.

Some appear to have a charmed life, men such as,

Private 1930 George Thomas Abel. 1/7th Battalion the Worcestershire Regiment, (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division. Enlisted in March 1913 and, discharged from the Army March 1919.1

1 George Thomas Abel’s Army Pension Record. Not yet fully researched, so open to be challenged.

Embarked on the 30th of March 1915.

1/7th Battalion the Worcestershire Regiment, (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division. The battalion sailed on the S.S. Onward.1 2 3

144th Infantry Brigade Head Quarters, they crossed with the 1/8th the Worcestershire Regiment on the S.S. Invicta.4

1/8th the Worcestershire Regiment, part of the 144th (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division.5

1/1st Buckinghamshire Battalion, (Territorial Force) Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Regiment, part of 145th (South Midland) Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division. The Battalion crossed on the SS. Invicta6

1/4th Battalion, Princess Charlotte of Wales’s (Royal Berkshire Regiment) (Territorial Force) (The Biscuit Boys), part of 145th 7 (South Midland) Brigade, 48th (South Midland) Division. The battalion arrived at Folkestone at 10:00 pm and embarked on the S.S. Onward.8 9 They sailed at 11:40 pm and arrived at Boulogne at 1:00 am 31st March 1915. They disembarked on arrival and marched to the Rest Camp. 10

1Wartime Memories Project

2144th Inf Brigade War Diary gives time the battalion entrained at Maldon for Folkestone as 6 pm., and 6:30 pm..

4 144th Infantry Brigade War Diary.

5 1/8 War Diary gives date of arrival in Boulogne as 1st April 1915.

61/1 Oxs and Bucks War Diary, and, 145th Brigade War Diary.

7145th Brigade War Diary.

8Battalion War Diary.

9British Regiments 1914-1918, page 89, gives date of landing at Boulogne as 31.3.15

101/4th War Diary.

Embarked on the 31st of March 1915

1/4th (City of Bristol) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment, 144th (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division.11/6th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment Territorial Force, 29 officers 975 men. Part of 144th (Gloucester & Worcester Brigade) 48th (South Midlands) Division. 2

11/4th Gloucestershire War Diary

21/6th Gloucestershire’s War Dairy gives the date and time of arrival in Boulogne 12:45 am. 1/4/15

S.S. Sussex March 1916 #FWW #FOLKESTONE

24th March 1916

There are no troopship sailings on this day. However one ship was allowed to sail, the S.S. Sussex.

While crossing from Folkestone to Dieppe the S.S .Sussex is torpedoed. Manliffe Francis Goodbody, Enrique and Amparo Grandados, Prince Bahram Mirza Sardar Mass’oud, Maurice Planckert +others were all killed.

Maurice Planckert is buried in Folkestone Old Cemetery, “Victime de la Catastrophe du Sussex.”

IMG_8971 (1)

(Photo Peter Anderson)

The following is an extract from Papers relating to the torpedoing of the S.S. Sussex. United States. Published by the Washington, Government. Print. Office.1916.

From the deposition given by Edna Francis Hilton. (File Number 851.857Su8/50)

“Q. Are there any more remarks you would like to make?

  1. There was a sailing boat coming and then going. There was nothing done to save the lives of the passengers. The lifeboats were in awful condition, there were three holes in the one I was in and there were only four of them. I saw a number of British steamers within the harbor of Folkestone, which I was told were being held on account of the presence of submarines in the channel. It therefore surprises me that the Sussex should have been sent out without escort.

Edna F. Hilton.

Subscribed and sworn to before me, Arthur Hugh Frazier, Second Secretary of the Embassy of the United States of America, at Paris, this 28th day of March,” (1916)1

On the 16th June 1916 in a letter to his sister, Captain E,H.L. Southwell wrote;

“ And oh, I saw the Sussex at Boulogne, with all her bones stove in, without a trace of emotion. I have seen too many ruins before now in this game, and one is very like another; a house that is no house has too often been an everyday sight. And so, when I came here, I found this billet a shade more demolished than anything I thought possible, the whole air rather more triste and sinister; but that was all. I could stand all that, and even the piano (shade of Ivor Atkins !) shattered o bits, and the keys choked with brick-dust; but one ting was just a fraction too much, and when I saw it I confess I caught my breath for a moment; it was a child’s marble, chipped, and past all hope of rolling. . . .”2

1 From the copy held by the Cornell University as reproduce online by the Hathi Trust.

2 Page 196-197 Two Men a Memoir, Oxford University Press 1919.

12/13th December 1916. Australians Embark from Folkestone. #FWW

The Canadians are remembered as embarking from Folkestone in the First World War. Less well known is Australians also embarked from Folkestone, as did Americans in Australian Service.

12th December 1916

Private 5792 George Frost, Australian Imperial Force, 18th Reinforcements 15th Battalion. Crossed from Folkestone on the SS Arundel. George was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA in 1876. A sailor he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on the 15th November 1915 at the Rifle Range, Queensland. Tried by Field General Courts Martial for Desertion on the 6th October 1917. He went absent while on active service on the 21st June 1917 until the 17th July 1917 and going AWOL while under arrest 17th August until the 20th August 1917. Found Not Guilty of Desertion, but Guilty of being Absent Without Leave. He is sentenced to 9 months Imprisonment with Hard Labour in the Military Prison at Rouen. George returns to duty on the remission of the remainder of his sentence on the 12th June 1918 and returns to the 15th Battalion on the 17th June 1918. Reported absent on the 21st July, rearrested 16th August, absent 28th August, traced 15th September, absent 30th September, and again reported absent 15th October. On the 14th January 1919, he is sentenced to 15 months Hard Labour. Some of the sentence is served at No.10 Military Prison Dunkirk. On the 23rd July 1919, he is transferred to prison in Oxford. He embarks at Calais on the “Maid of Orleans” and disembarks at Folkestone, under escort. The remainder of his sentence is remitted from the date of his departure for Australia, 22nd September 1919.

13th December 1916

A reinforcement draft from 6th Training Battalion Australian Imperial Force crossed on the S.S. Princess Henrietta

Private 4683 Walter Benjamin Brown, Ex 5th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. He crossed to France on the SS Golden Eagle. Part of 12th Reinforcements 17th Battalion Walter is taken on Strength by 17th Battalion on the 18th December 1916. Walter was born in Philadelphia, USA. He enlisted on the 29th of February 1916. Returned to Australia in June 1919.

Private (Acting Corporal?) 6006 James Digby Fowell, Ex 1st Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. 19th Reinforcements 2nd Battalion. Australian Imperial Force. James crossed on the SS Arundel. He arrived at the Australian Division Base Depot on the 14th and joined the 2nd Battalion in the Field on the 18th December.

Private 5322 Ivan Walker Drane, Ex 7th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of the 14th Reinforcements for the 25th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Drane sailed on the SS Victoria. Ivan is killed in action on the 20th September 1917.1 He is buried in Hooge Crater Cemetery, the inscription on his grave reads:
“LOYAL UNTO DEATH”

Private 5343 Crichton Ivie Gordon, Ex 7th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, part of the 14th Reinforcements for the 25th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Crichton sailed on the SS Victoria. Crichton Ivie Gordon died of wounds on the 16th April 1918.

Private 6062 Harry Robert McGuire, Australian Imperial Force, crossed on the SS Arundale. Part of 19th Reinforcements/1st Battalion. He arrived at 1st Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength of 1st Battalion in the Field on the 18th December. Harry Robert McGuire born in St Louis, USA, he enlisted when he was 45, on the 27th January 1916, in Cowra, New South Wales, Australia. Harry is admitted sick to hospital on the 18th April 1917. Invalided home to Australia suffering from Rheumatism and Age. On the 1st of May 1917.
Private 5643 John Henry Moore, Australian Imperial Force, crossed to Boulogne on the SS Princess Henrietta. Part of 15th Reinforcements/23rd Battalion he arrived at 2nd Australian Division Base Depot the following day. Taken on Strength by the 23rd Battalion on the 18th December. John born in Sacramento, California, USA. Enlisted in Melbourne Australia, on the 22nd April 1916, he was 44 years old. John survived the war.

December 4th. The Changing Face of Embarkations

On the 4th December 1915 a spy and a battalion embark

Marta Hari, Crossed to France on the SS Arundel

The 15th Service Battalion of the Welsh Regiment embark. including Private 20373 Joseph Thomas Walch, and Private 20198 John Whelan,

A year later it was mostly Drafts, Returning Wounded and Reinforcements.

4th December 1916

Private 1427 Romany Roy Gray, 3/1 Norfolk Yeomanry. Joined 17 Infantry Base Depot. Posted to the 7th Battalion Norfolk Regiment, allotted a new number 29660. Romany had first embarked to France on the 8th October 1915. Wounded in action he became a Prisoner of War in 1918.

Sergeant 29768 William Walker, Norfolk Regiment. A pre-war, William first enlisted in 1908. From 17 Infantry Base Depot William is posted to the 7th Battalion.
Private 34136 Arthur Westhead, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Posted to the 6th Battalion he joins them on the 12th.

Private 40974 Albert Arthur Wadhams, King’s Own Scottish Borderers. In April 1917 Albert is transferred to the 1st Dragoons.

Private 40975 James Adolphis Warrier, King’s Own Scottish Borderers. Arrived at 21 Infantry Base Depot the following day. Posted to the 9th Service Battalion, he joins them on the 13th January. Attached to the Sanitary Section on the 1st January 1917.

Sapper 2154 John Hunter Brown 8th Field Company Australian Engineers, Australian Imperial Force. He is returning to active service after being hospitalised because of wounds. John is discharged from the Australian Army as being medically unfit in 1919.

Private 2397 Wallace Roy Crichton Australian Imperial Force, ex 12th Training Battalion. Part of 5th Reinforcements 46th Battalion. He proceeds to Boulogne on the SS Princes Victoria. Captured by the Germans, he becomes a Prisoner of War on the 11th April 1917. Badly wounded, his right Leg is amputated. He is repatriated via Holland in January 1918.

21st November 1915 Nature’s Peace.

Just a few of the men from the Royal Warwicks (Birmingham Pals) who embarked from Folkestone on the 21st November 1915
“ “ La paix de la grand nature”
We are taught labouriously to make sorrows for one another and to tear up and harass the earth, but after a single spring, the traces of the past are overwhelmed by a riot of growth “which Labours not,” and in their place spring up the poppies of oblivion. The trenches which in February were grim and featureless tunnels of gloom, without colour or form are already over arched and embowered with green. You may walk from the ruins of a cottage, half-hidden in springing green, and up the Front line trenches through a labyrinth of Devonshire lanes. Before the summer comes again children will play between the trenches as in a garden, hide in strange hollows where old fragments of iron peep out from a wilderness of poppies and corn-flowers. Even the shapeless ruins, where for the moment we are living, you may look up and see a swift dart from a cranny; and all is well…”
(Second Lieutenant Stephen Hewett)
Although it is not known if Second Lieutenant Stephen Hewett crossed to France with the 14th Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Hewett did was serving with them, when he was killed in action on the 22nd July 1916. Second Lieutenant Stephen Hewett has no known grave and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme.

Company Sargeant Major 14/1052 William Black, 14th Battalion (1st Birmingham Pals) The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. William first enlisted in 1892 and served for 21 years. He re-enlisted on the 25th of September 1914. Suffered from an Inguinal Hernia from the end of April to the first middle of May 1916. Admitted to 45 Casualty Clearance Station 29th August with Myalgia. Invalided back to England on the Hospital Ship St Patrick on the 31st. Transferred to the 2/1st Queens Own Worcester Hussars 30th September 1918. His new Regimental Number is 68299. Demobilised in February 1919.

Private 14/1014 Maxwell Arrowsmith Weston, 14th Battalion (1st Birmingham Pals) The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Wounded in Action 29th July 1916.

Private 16/1223 Samuel Adams, 16th Battalion (3rd Birmingham Pals) The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, crossed with the Battalion. Samuel survived the war but was wounded in 1917 and discharged as no longer being physically fit for war service in April 1918.